> :: :: > -francais - English section

-francais - English section

 
  #1  
07-09-2017, 04:36 PM
 
: Jul 2010
: 2,544
Haedphone Aayat al-Kursiy Le mrite du verset du trne


Aayat al-Kursiy
Le mrite du verset du trne


:
- - .. - - : : " " .. . "
: : : ʿ : . : . ʿ : : - - ..
: : - - : - - " " " ..
- - : - - ʿ : : : ɿ " " "
.. .. : - - : - - : - - ɿ : - - : - - : : " " - - ɿ : : " " - - : .
: Ͽ : : : " " - - - - . : : : : : : ѿ : : .
- - : : : : : "" .
: - - : " ".
: : - - " " " " : .
: : : " " " " " ".
: : . . .
* *
  #2  
07-09-2017, 04:37 PM
 
: Jul 2010
: 2,544
Haedphone

Aayat al-Kursiy
what is the significance of surah II and ayat 255? is there any proof of the greatness of this surah?
Praise be to Allaah.
Imaam Ibn Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Tafseer of Aayat al-Kursiy from Soorat al-Baqarah:
This is Aayat al-Kursiy, which has a high status. It was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that it is the greatest aayah in the Book of Allaah It was narrated from Ubayy, i.e., Ubayy ibn Kab that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked him which aayah in the Book of Allaah was the greatest. He said, Allaah and His Messenger know best. He repeated it several times, then he said, Aayat al-Kursiy. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Congratulations upon your knowledge O Abul-Mundhir. By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it has a tongue and two lips, and it glorifies the Sovereign (i.e., Allaah) at the foot of the Throne. This was also narrated by Muslim, without the phrase By the One in Whose hand is my soul.
It was narrated from Abd-Allaah ibn Ubayy ibn Kab that his father told him that he had a vessel in which he kept dates. He used to check on it and found that the number was decreasing. So he kept guard on it one night and saw a beast that looked like an adolescent boy. He said: I greeted him with salaams and he returned my greeting, then I asked him, What are you, a jinn or a human? He said, A jinn. I said to him, Show me your hand. So he showed me his hand, and it looked like a dogs paw with dogs fur. I said, Do all the jinn look like this? He said, I know no one among the jinn who is stronger than I. I said, What made you do what you did [i.e., taking the dates]? He said, We heard that you are a man who loves charity, and we wanted to have some of your food. Ubayy asked him, What will protect us from you? He said, This aayah, Aayat al-Kursiy. Then the next day he [Ubayy] went to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him (about what had happened) and he said, The evil one spoke the truth.
Imaam Ahmad narrated: Muhammad ibn Jafar told us, Uthmaan ibn Itaab told us, he said: I heard Abul-Sulayl saying: a man from among the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) addressed the people until a large number had gathered around him, then he climbed onto the roof of a house and addressed the people, saying: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Which aayah of the Quraan is the greatest? A man said, Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baqarah 2:255 Aayat al-Kursi interpretation of the meaning]. He said: he put his hand between my shoulders and I felt coolness in the centre of my chest, or he put his hand on the centre of my chest and I felt coolness between my shoulders, and he said, Congratulations on your knowledge, O Abul-Mundhir.
It was narrated that Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whilst he was in the mosque and sat down. He said, O Abu Dharr, did you pray? I said, No. He said, Get up and pray. So I got up and prayed, then I came and sat down. He said, O Abu Dharr, seek refuge with Allaah from the devils of men and jinn. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, are there devils among men? He said, Yes. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what about salaah? He said, It is the best, so let whoever wants to, do a little of it and let whoever wants to, do more of it. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what about fasting? He said, It is obligatory and it is good, and the reward with Allaah is greater. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what about sadaqah (charity)? He said, Allaah multiplies it many times over. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what (charity) is best? He said, What a person gives at times of hardship, or what he gives in secret to a poor person. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, which of the Prophets was first? He said, Adam. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, was he a Prophet? He said, Yes, a Prophet to whom Allaah spoke. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, how many Messengers are there? He said. Three hundred and umpteen, a great crowd. And once he said, (Three hundred and) fifteen. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what is the greatest thing that has been revealed to you? He said, Aayat al-Kursiy, Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning]. (Narrated by al-Nasaai).
Al-Bukhaari narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) appointed me to guard the Ramadaan zakaah. Someone came and started taking some of the food. I grabbed hold of him and said, I am going to take you to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)! He said, Let me be, for I am in need and I have children and am in great need. So I let him go. The following morning, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, O Abu Hurayrah, what did your prisoner do last night? I said, O Messenger of Allaah, he complained of being in great need and having children to look after, so I took pity on him and let him go. He said, But he was lying, and he will be back. So I knew that he would come back, because of what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had said. I lay in wait for him, and he came and started taking some of the food. I grabbed hold of him and said, I am going to take you to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)! He said, Let me be, for I am in need and I have children. I will not come back again. So I took pity on him and let him go. The following morning, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, O Abu Hurayrah, what did your prisoner do last night? I said, O Messenger of Allaah, he complained of being in great need and having children to look after, so I took pity on him and let him go. He said, But he was lying, and he will be back. So I lay in wait for him on the third night, and he came and started taking some of the food. I grabbed hold of him and said, I am going to take you to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)! This is the third and last time. You said that you would not come back, then you did come back. He said, Let me go, and I will teach you some words by which Allaah will benefit you. I said, What are they? He said, When you lie down in your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy, Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning] until the end of the aayah, then you will have a protector from Allaah and no shaytaan (devil) will come near you until morning comes. Then I let him go. The following morning, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, What did your prisoner do last night? I said, O Messenger of Allaah, he claimed that he would teach me some words by which he said Allaah would benefit me, then I let him go. He asked, What are they? I said, He told me, when you lie down in your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy, from the beginning to the end of the aayah, Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning]. And he told me, you will have a protector from Allaah and no shaytaan (devil) will come near you until morning comes. And they [the Sahaabah] were always keen to do good. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: He indeed told you the truth, although he is a liar. Do you know who you have been speaking with for the past three nights, O Abu Hurayrah? I said, No. He said, That was a shaytaan (a devil).
According to another report, I was taking food to a very poor family among the jinn. So he let him go, and he came back on the second night and then the third night. I said, Did you not promise me that you would not come back? I will not leave you today until I bring you to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He said, Do not do that. If you let me go, I will teach you some words which, if you say them, no one among the jinn, great or small, male or female, will come near you. He said, Will you do that? He said, Yes. He said, What are they? He said, Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning], and recited Aayat al-Kursiy until the end. So he let him go and he went away and did not come back. Abu Hurayrah told the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about that, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him: Did you not know that before? This was narrated by al-Nasaai from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ubayd-Allaah from Shuayb ibn Harb from Ismaaeel ibn Muslim from Abul-Mutawakkil from Abu Hurayrah. We have noted above that something similar happened to Ubayy ibn Kab, so these are three separate incidents. Abu Ubayd said in Kitaab al-Ghareeb: Abu Muaawiyah told us, from Abu Aasim al-Qaffi, from al-Shubi from Abd-Allaah ibn Masood, who said: A man from among the humans went out and was met by a man from among the jinn, who said, Will you wrestle with me? If you throw me to the ground I will teach you an aayah which, if you recite it when you enter your house, no shaytaan will enter. So he wrestled with him and threw him to the ground. He said, I see that you are very small and your forearms are like the front paws of a dog. Are all the jinn like this, or only you? He said, I am strong among them. Let us wrestle again. So they wrestled again and the human threw him to the ground. So he (the jinn) said, Recite Aayat al-Kursiy, for no one recites it when he enters his house, but the Shaytaan leaves, farting like a donkey. It was said to Ibn Masood, Was that man Umar? He said, Who else could it have been, other than Umar?
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: In Soorat al-Baqaraah there is an aayah which is the best of all the aayahs of the Quraan. It is never recited in a house but the Shaytaan leaves: Aayat al-Kursiy. This was also narrated via another isnaad, from Zaaidah from Hakeem ibn Jubayr. Then he said, its isnaad is saheeh although they [al-Bukhaari and Muslim] did not narrate it. It was also narrated by al-Tirmidhi from the hadeeth of Zaaidah, with the wording, Everything has its pinnacle and the pinnacle of the Quraan is Soorat al-Baqarah. In it there is an aayah which is the greatest in the Quraan: Aayat al-Kursiy. Then he said: (it is) ghareeb, we do not know it except from the hadeeth of Hakeem ibn Jubayr. Shubah discussed it and classed it as daeef (weak). It was also classed as daeef by Ahmad, Yahyaa ibn Mueen and other imaams. Ibn Mahdi classed it is matrook and al-Sadi classed it as false.
It was narrated from Ibn Umar that Umar ibn al-Khattaab went out one day to some people who had prepared a meal. He said, Who among you can tell me which is the greatest aayah in the Quraan? Ibn Masood said, You are asking one who knows. I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say, The greatest aayah in the Quraan is Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning].
Concerning the fact that it includes the greatest name of Allaah, Imaam Ahmad said: It was narrated that Asmaa bint Yazeed ibn al-Sakan said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say about these two aayahs (interpretation of the meanings) -- Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists [al-Baraqah 2:255] and Alif-Laam-Meem. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quraan, and none but Allaah (Alone) knows their meanings.] Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists) [Aal Imraan 3:1-2] that they contain the greatest name of Allaah. This was also narrated by Abu Dawood from Musaddid and by al-Tirmidhi from Ali ibn Khashram, and by Ibn Maajah from Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaybah, all three of them narrating from Eesa ibn Yoonus from Ubayd-Allaah ibn Abi Ziyaad . Al-Tirmidhi said: it is saheeh hasan.
It was narrated in a marfoo report that Abu Umaamah said: The greatest name of Allaah, which if He is called by it, He responds, is in three (soorahs): Soorat al-Baqarah, Aal Imraan and Ta-Ha. Hishaam, i.e., Ibn Ammaar, the khateeb of Damascus, said: In al-Baqarah, it is Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exist [al-Baraqah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning]. In Aal Imraan it is Alif-Laam-Meem. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quraan, and none but Allaah (Alone) knows their meanings.] Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists) [Aal Imraan3:1-2 interpretation of the meaning]. And in Ta-Ha it is And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allaah), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists) [Ta-Ha 20:111].
Concerning the virtue of reciting this aayah after the prescribed prayers, it was narrated that Abu Umaamah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever recites Aayat al-Kursiy immediately after each prescribed prayer, there will be nothing standing between him and his entering Paradise except death. This is how it was narrated by al-Nasaai in al-Yawm wal-Laylah, from al-Hasan ibn Bishr. It was also narrated by Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh from Muhammad ibn Humayr, who is al-Homsi, and is also one of the men of al-Bukhaari. The isnaad meets the conditions of al-Bukhaari.
And Allaah knows best.

*Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid*


  #3  
07-09-2017, 04:39 PM
 
: Jul 2010
: 2,544
Haedphone

Le mrite du verset du trne
Quelle est limportance du verset du trne ? Existe-il un argument pour tayer limportance de ce verset ?

Louange Allah
Limam Ibn Kathir (Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde) dit dans son explication du verset du trne de la sourate de la vache : le verset du trne revt une grande importance. En effet, daprs un hadith authentique, le Messager (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) dit quil est le meilleur verset du Livre dAllah. Daprs Ubay ibn Kaab, le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) linterrogea propos du verset le plus important du livre dAllah et quil rpondit : Allah et Son Messager le savent mieux . Et puis le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) lui rpta la mme question et Ubay finit par dire : Cest le verset du trne . Le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) lui dit alors : Abou Moudhir ! Flicitations pour ton savoir. Au nom de Celui qui tient mon me en Sa main, il (le verset) possde une langue et deux lvres qui glorifient le Roi au pied du Trne (rapport par Mouslim mais sans la phrase qui commence par Au nom de Celui qui tient mon me en Sa main ! .
Daprs Abd Allah fils dUbay ibn Kaab, son pre lui dit quil possdait un mortier qui contenait des dattes et quil en vrifiait le contenu de temps autre et stait rendu compte quil diminuait. Et puis, il alla le garder au cours dune nuit et dcouvrit une bte semblable un adolescent. Je la saluais, dit-il, et elle me le rendit. Et puis je lui dis : qui es-tu : un humain ou un djinn ? - un djinn, rpondit-il. Je lui dis : donne-moi ta main. - il me la tendit et je dcouvris que ctait une patte de chien poilue. Et je lui dis : est-ce comme a que les djinn sont crs ? - Il dit : les djinns savent quil ny a pas parmi eux plus fort que moi. - je lui dit : Quest-ce qui ta pouss te comporter comme tu las fait ? - Il mtait parvenue que tu tais un homme qui aimait donner de laumne et nous avions voulu goutter de ta nourriture ... Ubay lui dit : Quest-ce qui nous protge de vous ? - Le verset du trne, dit-il.
Au matin, Ubay se rendit auprs du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et linforma de lincident et le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) lui dit : le malin a dit la vrit .
LImam Ahmad a rapport daprs Muhammad ibn Djaafar qui le tenait dOuthman ibn Attab qui a dit : Jai entendu Aba Salil dire : un homme racontait des histoires aux gens et ceux-ci saffluaient vers lui au point quil avait fini par monter sur le toit dune maison pour sadresser la foule. Il dit (une fois) : Le Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a dit : quel est le verset le plus important du Coran ? - Un homme dit : Cest Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant. Il (lauteur de cette rponse) dit : Il (le Prophte) posa sa main entre mes paules de sorte que je ressentis leur froideur jusqu mes seins ou il posa sa main entre mes seins et jen ressentis la froideur jusque dans mes paules et il dit : Abou Dharr (P.A.a) : Je me suis rendu auprs du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) qui se trouvait dans la mosque et je me suis assis ( ses cts) et puis il me dit :
- Abou Dharr ! As-tu pri ?
- Non.
- Lve-toi et prie .
Je me suis excut avant de me rinstaller ma place.
- Abou Dharr ! Demande Allah de te protger contre le mal des dmons humains et de celui des djinns...
- Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) ! Ya-t-il des dmons parmi les humains ?
- Oui.
- Messager dAllah ! Quen est-il de la prire ?
- Cest un bien disponible ; on peut en prendre peu ou beaucoup son gr.
- Messager dAllah ! Quen est-il de laumne ?
- Sa rcompense est multiplie plusieurs fois
- Messager dAllah ! Quelle en est la meilleure forme ?
- le don du peu nanti offert discrtement au pauvre
- Messager dAllah ! Qui fut le premier prophte ?
- Adam.
- Messager dAllah ! Fut-il rellement un prophte ?
- Oui, un prophte qui Allah a adress la parole.
- Messager dAllah ! Quel est le nombre des messagers ?
- Trois cents quelques personnes ; un nombre trs important (une autre fois, il dit : trois cent quinze).
- Messager dAllah ! Quelle est la plus importante partie de la rvlation qui ta t faite ?
- le verset du Trne : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant (rapport par an-Nassa).
Boukhari a mentionn ceci : Abou Hourayra a dit : Le Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) ma confi la garde de la zakate du ramadan. Et puis quelquun vint prlever des denres et je lai saisi et lui ai dit : je temmnerai au messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Il me dit : lche-moi, nous sommes, ma famille et moi-mme trs ncessiteux . Je lai relax.
Au matin, je me suis rendu auprs du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et il ma dit : Il a voqu une grande ncessit et une famille (nombreuse). Cest pourquoi jai eu piti de lui et lai relax. La vrit est, dit le Prophte, quil vous a menti et il retournera. Cest alors que jai su quil retournerait puisque le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) la prdit. Je lai guett et il revint prlever de la nourriture et je lai saisi et lui ai dit : je le prsenterai au Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Il dit alors : Lche-moi, nous sommes ma famille et moi-mme trs ncessiteux . Je lai relax. Au matin je me suis rendu auprs du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et il ma dit : Qua fait ton prisonnier dhier ? - Je lui dit, Messager dAllah ! Il a voqu le besoin et une famille (nombreuse). Cest pourquoi jai eu piti de lui et lai relax. La vrit est quil vous a menti et il reviendra, dit le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Je lai guett pour la troisime fois et il revint prlever de la nourriture et je lai saisi et lui ai dit je temmnerai au messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) car cest la troisime fois que tu prtends que tu ne reviens pas mais tu las fait. Il dit : laisse-moi tapprendre des mots qui te seront utiles.
-Lesquels, lui ai-je dit ?
- quand tu te couches sur ton lit, rcite le verset du Trne : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant jusqu la fin du verset. Si tu le fais Allah taffectera un gardien, et Satan ne sapprochera pas de toi jusquau matin. Je lai relax. Et puis, au matin, je me suis rendu auprs du messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et il ma dit : qua fait ton prisonnier dhier ? Je lui ai dit : Il a prtendu mavoir appris des mots dont Allah me fera profiter...
- Quels sont les mots ?
- Il ma dit : quand tu te couches sur ton lit, rcite le verset du Trne depuis le dbut jusqu ce que tu le termines : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le vivant, le Substituant et il ma dit quAllah maffecterait un gardien et que Satan ne sapprocherait pas de moi jusquau matin . - les gens (de lpoque) taient les plus soucieux dapprendre tout ce qui tait un bien. Le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a dit : En ralit, il vous a dit la vrit, mme sil est un menteur. Tu sais qui tu as affaire depuis trois nuits ?
- Non.
- Cest Satan.
*Selon une autre version : Je nen prenais que pour une famille pauvre des djinns. Il le relcha alors. Puis il revint une deuxime et troisime fois. Je lui ai dis alors : tu ttais engag ne pas revenir ? Je ne te lcherai pas aujourdhui avant de temmener devant le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Il dit : Ne le fais pas ; Si tu me laisses , je tapprendrai des mots qui te protgeront si bien quaucun djinn, ni grand, ni petit, ni mle ni femelle ne sapprochera de toi Et puis, il lui dit : vas-tu le faire ? - Oui. - Quels sont les mots en question ? - Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de lui, le Vivant, le Substituant Il continua rciter jusqu la fin du verset. Cest alors que le compagnon le relcha et il partit sans jamais retourner. Abou Hourayra relata cela au Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et ce dernier lui dit : Ne sais-tu pas que ctait comme cela ? .
Le mme hadith a t rapport par an-Nawawi daprs Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ubayd Allah daprs Shouayb ibn Harb daprs Ismal ibn Mouslim daprs Abi al-Moutawakkil qui le tenait dAbou Hourayra pareillement. Ubay ibn Kaab aussi a rapport un incident similaire. Voil donc trois incideents (identiques).
Dans son ouvrage intitul al-Gharib, Abou Ubayda dit : Abou Muawia nous a racont daprs Abou Assim al-Fiqqi daprs as-Shaabi qui le tenait dAbd Allah ibn Massoud : une fois un humain sortit et rencontra un djinn. Celui-ci dit celui-l : veux-tu te battre contre moi ? Si tu me bats, je tapprendrai un verset qui, lu au moment o tu entres dans ta maison, te protgera contre Satan . Et puis ils engagrent un combat et lhumain qui le remporta dit son adversaire : Je te trouve bien mince ; tes bras ressemblent aux pattes dun chien ... Est-ce que tous les djinns sont comme a ? - Je suis fort par rapport eux, reprenons encore le combat . Ils se battirent de nouveau et lhumain le remporta encore. Et son adversaire lui dit : tu rcites le verset du Trne, car chaque fois une personne le rcite au moment dentrer dans sa maison, Satan quitte la demeure en ptant comme un ne .
Lon dit Ibn Massoud : lhumain en question tait-il Omar ? - Qui dautre quOmar pourrait-il sagir ? Abou Ubayda dit le terme dhail signifie mince et le terme khikh signifie pet .
Daprs Abou Hourayra, le Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a dit : la sourate de la vache comporte un verset qui constitue le meilleur verset du Coran ; chaque fois quon le rcite dans une maison, Satan en sort. Cest le verset du Trne. Le mme hadith a t rapport par une voie daprs Zada daprs Hakim ibn Djoubayr. Et puis il a dit : la chane de transmission du hadith est authentique, mais le hadith na pas t cit par Boukhari et Mouslim selon lui. At-Tirmidhi la rapport par la voie de Zada en ces termes : chaque chose a un sommet (littralement bosse) et le sommet du Coran, cest la sourate de la Vache qui comporte le meilleur verset du Coran : le verset du Trne . Ensuite, il dit : cest un hadith trange dont nous ne connaissons le contenu que grce au hadith de Hakim Ibn Djoubayr. Ce dernier a t critiqu par Shouba qui la jug faible. Je dis : il a galement t jug faible par Ahmad, Yahya ibn Main et dautres imams. Cependant il a t abandonn par Ibn Mahdi et jug menteur par as-Saadi.
Daprs Ibn Omar, son pre vint un jour rejoindre les gens qui staient installs sous des tentes et il leur dit : lequel dentre vous me dira quel est le plus important verset du Coran ? - Ibn Massoud lui dit : Tu es tomb sur un homme bien inform ; jai entendu le Messager (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) dire : le plus important verset du Coran cest Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant .
A propos de lexistence en son sein du nom divin, limam Ahmad dit : Asma bint Yazib ibn as-Sakan a dit : Jai entendu le Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) dire : ces deux versets : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant et Alif, lam, mme, Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant comportent le plus grand nom dAllah. Cela a galement t rapport par Abou Dawoud daprs Moussaddad et at-Tirmidhi daprs Ali Ibn Khashram et Ibn Madja daprs Abou Bakr ibn Abi Shayba et tous les trois daprs Issa ibn Younous qui le tenait dUbayd Allah ibn Abi Ziyad dans les mmes termes. At-Tirmidhi dit : cest beau et authentique.
Abou Umama a rapport ce hadith quil a hautement attribu (au Prophte) : le plus important nom dAllah dont lusage permet dobtenir un exaucement immdiat se trouve trois endroits : dans la sourate de la Vache, dans celle dAl-Imran et dans celle de Taha. Hisham, Ibn Ammar, lorateur de Damas a dit : Quant celui qui se trouve dans la sourate de la Vache, cest : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant Dans Al-Imran, il sagit de : Allah, il ny a point de divinit en dehors de Lui, le Vivant, le Substituant Et dans Taha, il sagit du verset : Les visages se sont soumis au Vivant et Substituant .
A propos du mrite de la lecture du verset au sortir des prires prescrites, Abou Umama rapporte : Le Messager dAllah (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a dit : quiconque rcite le verset du Trne aprs chaque prire prescrite entrera au paradis ds sa mort . Cest en ces termes que le hadith ha t rapport par an-Nassa dans al-Yawm wa al-layla daprs al-Hassan ibn Bishr. Ibn Hibban aussi la cit dans son Sahih par la voie de Muhammad ibn Himyar, cest--dire al-Himsi, un des rapporteurs de Boukhari. Aussi la chane est conforme aux conditions de Boukhari. Allah le sait mieux.

Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid**

__________________






« | »





|
6
:

02:46 AM

- - -

Powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2017, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Designed & TranZ By Almuhajir
Powered & Developed By Advanced Technology